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  • Listen: How Corruption Undermines Security Across Africa

    Listen: How Corruption Undermines Security Across Africa

    Listen to an expert panel discussion and podcast interview on corruption and security governance across Africa. This discussion took place on 25 January at King's College London and coincided with the launch of the Africa results for Transparency International's Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index.

  • The key to peace after Isil: ending Middle East corruption

    In Syria, one of the leading causes of the 2011 protests, and subsequent rise of Islamic State, was the Assad regime’s systematic corruption. If the Arab Spring tells us anything, it’s that political elites that fail to respond to the basic demands of their people, and particularly those that are accumulating significant military capabilities, represent the most serious threat to our security. Photo: Flickr / Thierry Ehrmann.

  • Security assistance, corruption and fragile environments: Exploring the case of Mali 2001-2012

    Security assistance, corruption and fragile environments: Exploring the case of Mali 2001-2012

    In this study Transparency International’s London-based Defence and Security Programme explores in some detail how security assistance programmes fared in an environment affected by corrupt practices and the nexus of corruption and criminality. The case study here is security assistance provided to the Malian Army by the U.S. and France in 2001-2012, i.e. prior to the coup in which units of the Malian Army deposed a sitting president. Our goal is to unpack the impact corrupt practices can have on the success of specific security assistance programmes and to start a conversation on how these risks can be addressed. Photo: Flickr / MINUSMA.

  • Improving the Effectiveness of UN Peace Operations: Addressing the links between Corruption and Conflict

    Improving the Effectiveness of UN Peace Operations: Addressing the links between Corruption and Conflict

    Transparency International Defence and Security (TI-DS) welcomes the publication of the Secretary-General’s report on The Future of UN Peace Operations,” and the recommendations in the Report of the High Level Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) and those of the Advisory Group on the Peacebuilding Architecture. Photo: Flickr / United Nations Photo.

  • 77th Brigade takes the fight against corruption to 21st century enemy

    77th Brigade takes the fight against corruption to 21st century enemy

    In January 2015, the British Army established 77th Brigade, an organisation designed to champion its non-lethal, non-military effects from cyber to civil affairs. In an innovative step, they have seconded one of their officers to Transparency International’s Defence and Security programme. So what is the army hoping to gain from having a man on the inside of the world’s leading anti-corruption outfit? Photo: © Crown Copyright.

Article  |  Identifying corruption risks in the defence and security sector

This article contributes to the debate on conceptualizing corruption by suggesting that sector-specific typologies of corruption risks are useful heuristics that encourage understanding of corruption without attempting to define it in a way that is inherently contestable or inappropriately succinct. To develop this position, this article reflects on the difficulties in trying to define corruption in both general terms and within the context of the defense and security sector. It then details a corruption risk typology in use in the sector, explains how it was used to provide the theoretical backdrop for a global index, and then submits the typology’s five main risk areas to empirical testing using that same index’s results. The models that result show that this typology’s risk areas display sufficient internal coherence for its key risk areas to be of use not only to practitioners, but also to the sector analyst and academic attentive to conceptual concerns.


Report  |  Corruption Threats and International Missions: Practical guidance for leaders

Corruption is a feature of all conflicts, playing a key role in the power-struggle between competing groups for resources and power. This places mission leaders in a challenging situation because it means engagement with corrupt entities is frequently inevitable. This handbook is directed at military and civilian leadership and their staff involved in planning and carrying out operations. It seeks to provide practical guidance that can be used in daily work.


Report  |  Classified Information: A review of current legislation across 15 countries and the EU

Corruption is a feature of all conflicts, playing a key role in the power-struggle between competing groups for resources and power. This places mission leaders in a challenging situation because it means engagement with corrupt entities is frequently inevitable. This handbook is directed at military and civilian leadership and their staff involved in planning and carrying out operations. It seeks to provide practical guidance that can be used in daily work.


Report  |  Single Sourcing: A multi-country analysis of non-competitive defence procurement

Full and open competition is one tool for governments to help ensure best value for money. Yet previous studies highlight that the defence sector is poor in this respect. This report explores trends in the award of non-competitive or single-source contracts in defence.


Blog  |  Chilcot Inquiry must not fall prey to the “national security” excuse

Transparency International’s alarm bells rung back in May when it was revealed that the Cabinet Office and the Ministry of Defence have blocked the publication of both meeting records and exchanges between Tony Blair and George W. Bush and the release of six essays by senior serving officers about lessons learned from the conflict in Iraq.


Chapter  |  Unveiling the ‘Shadow World’: Civil Society Engagement and Public Control of the Defense Sector

The defence sector can seem like a 'shadow world', obscured from public view through state secrecy and technical complexity. Public control over defence is not only a democratic necessity, however, but is also in the interest of defence organisations to ensure efficiency, effectiveness and trust. In this chapter from Transparency International Mexico's newly published report "A New Generation of Public Control", Tehmina Abbas and Leah Wawro argue that civil society has a key role to play in demanding integrity and ensuring that defence and security establishments are accountable to their citizens, and that they can do this not only through external monitoring and activism, but also by engaging with defence and security forces to catalyse reform.


Chapter  |  Defence procurement – understanding, identifying and addressing corruption risks

Corruption within defence procurement can have a detrimental impact on security, operational effectiveness, and public trust. Despite defence procurement being a key area of focus in anti-corruption measures in many countries, there remains a serious lack of transparency. In this article for Getting the Deal Through – Public Procurement 2014, Tehmina Abbas summarises Transparency International’s (TI’s) views on the areas in defence and security procurement that most vulnerable to corruption within defence companies and governments.


Report  |  Study on the integrity of the Burundi National Defence Force (FR)

Le rapport, intitulé « Etude sur les aspects de l’intégrité de la Force de Défense Nationale (FDN) » , fournit une évaluation des risques de corruption au sein de la FDN et propose des actions à mener pour faire face aux défis identifiés.


 

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